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Bible People  -  ADAM



Film Quiz
Films with themes similar 
to the Creation story.
Can you name them?

'Quest for Fire': people in ancient times are forced by circumstances to become creative and inventive
'Apocalypto': Paradise (the pristine jungle) is ruined when sin/violence enters; man and woman must fight to survive
'Battlestar Galactica': exiled from the Garden of Eden (Earth) but still searching for it; the main character is Adama
'The Time Machine': the hero leaves an idyllic landscape to try to start the human race again

Can you think of others?



Extra Websites

Archaeological finds relating to the story of Adam and Eve
Bible Archaeology: Adam 

Farming in ancient times
Bible Archaeology: Farming  

Eve takes the blame
Bible Top Ten Bad Women  

The story of Eve in more detail
Women in the Bible: Eve

The first murder
Cain and Abel


      Adam - first of his kind

'Eat the fruit' said the serpent. 'Why not?'

Adam:  the first human being. His name means 'that man' or 'human being', but it is close to the word for soil or ground - 'adamah'.
Eve: the first woman
Cain, Abel and Seth: sons of Adam and Eve
The Serpent/Snake: in the Bible it is the personification of Evil; in ancient pagan religions it could be a symbol of fertility (in humans, vegetation and the Earth) or healing.

See the story below

The Creation of Humans

Pomegranate On the sixth day in the story of Creation, God created a human being - Adam. 

This creature was made in God's image, but what does that mean? That he was by nature impelled to create, to look at what he saw and change it, even if sometimes the changes did not work out well. He had creativity and imagination locked into his persona.

God made man master over the earth and all that was on it. 

Then he created woman, telling her and Adam to be fruitful and multiply. 

Large old tree with many spreading branchesGod told Adam that he could eat from any tree in the Garden of Eden, except one. This was the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil - if Adam ate from that, he would die. 

All was well in Paradise, and the man and the woman were happy. 

Until the serpent came to tempt them. 'Eat the fruit' said the serpent. 'Why not?' 

Read Bible Text Genesis 2:4-25

Adam and Eve Disobey God

Eve was intrigued by this question - temptation in disguise. The fruit would make her wise, she hoped. 

Green snake coiled around a tree branch So she took one piece from the Tree of Knowledge, ate it and offered some to Adam. He ate it too.

Suddenly everything changed. They became aware of their nakedness for the first time. They felt shame - a new sensation for them.

In their confusion they hid from the presence of God. But God called to them: "Where are you?" They knew they were caught.

Their reaction was very human. Instantly, they began to blame each other. 

Adam blamed Eve for offering him the fruit. 

Eve blamed the serpent for tempting her. 

The Guardian of Paradise, Franz Stuck

The Guardian of Paradise, 
Franz Stück

But the deed had been done, and they now faced the consequences, which were terrible - God sent them from the Garden, and an angel with a flaming sword barred the entrance so Adam could never return.

Read Bible Text Genesis 3:1-14 

Life in the Real World

Life would never be the same. 

Adam was sentenced to a life of toil. There would never again be food without work. Adam must labour hard and long to get food, fighting infertile ground full of thorns and thistles. The sweat of his brow would be the price he paid for bread. 

Eve would share his fate, and suffer the pangs of childbirth, as would all future women.

The pain did not end there. Adam had sons, Cain and Abel, but when they grew they fought together, as nations would fight each other. 

In one violent struggle Cain killed his brother. The first murder. 

Then God took pity on Adam's misery and gave him another son, Seth, who was just like his father in every way...

Read Bible Text Genesis 3:15-24 , 4:1-25


Symmetry in the Garden Story - Genesis 2.4-4.1

A Headnote: "These are the generations . . ." (2.4)

  B No field economy: ". . . no one to till the ground" (2.5-6)

    C Human beings given life, installed in Garden (2.7-17)

      D Man prefers human companionship over beasts (2.18-22)

        E Man calls his companion "Woman" (2.23)

          F Etiological summary: "Therefore a man leaves . . ." (2.24)

            G Human couple "naked and ... not ashamed" (2.25)
              H Serpent promises "eyes will be opened" (3.1-5)
                 I  Transgression (3.6)

              H' The couple's "eyes are opened" (3.7a)

            G' They experience shame (3.7b-10)

          F' Etiological summary: "For ... you are dust . . ." (3.19b)
       E  Man calls his companion "Eve" ("Life-bearer") (3.20)
D' Man and woman wear skins of beasts (3.21)

    C' Humans expelled from Garden, denied immortality (3.22-24)
B' Field economy begins (implied; see subsymmetry and 3.23b)
A' Birth of a child completes one generation (4.1)  

Sub-symmetry in the Garden Story

X  God questions man; man points to woman (3.11-12)
   Y  God questions woman; woman points to serpent (3.13)
      Z  (Serpent is silent)
      Z' God passes judgment on serpent  (3.14-15)
   Y' God passes judgment on woman (3.16)
X' God passes judgment on man (3.17-19a)


Bible Text for the story of Adam

Activities for Bible Study Groups


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Bible Stories: People of the Old Testament - Bible Study Resource
God, Adam, Eve, and the Serpent in the Garden of Eden